German Development Cooperation

Germany has been engaged in development cooperation with Tanzania for more than 40 years, providing Tanzania's citizens and governmental authorities with services, equipment, and financial contributions. Tanzania is a Priority Partner Country of Germany.  Bilateral government negotiations are held every three years. In the implementation of the Paris Declaration of 2005 and of the principles of Division of Labour, Germany limits its support to a maximum of three priority areas. During the last Tanzanian-German negotiations in 2009, the two governments agreed on the following sectors: Water, Health (incl. HIV/AIDS), and Local Governance. Additionally, Germany provides General Budget Support to Tanzania.

The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is responsible for taking the overall decisions regarding Germany's international development cooperation.

German development programmes are implemented by the German Development Corporation (GIZ) and the German Development Bank (KfW). Within the partner countries, the overall coordination lies with the German Embassy. Additionally, BMZ appoints a Priority Area Coordinator for each support sector, who also represents Germany in the sector forums with other development partners and the partner government.

German Embassy in Dar es Salaam

German Technical Cooperation

German international cooperation has many instruments. Through both international and national experts, Germany accompanies complex reform and structural change processes by advising decision-makers at national, regional and local levels and by developing the capacity of individuals, institutions and societies. Within SULGO, a financial contribution to the LGRP II basket is provided through technical cooperation. Other tools of German technical cooperation include financial support to local civil society actors engaged in the promotion of local democracy, and financial support to local institutions in recruiting local experts. Furthermore, GIZ offers short- and long-term trainings (including coaching) in Germany and in partner countries, and enhances networking and dialogue amongst stakeholders.

A special instrument of German international cooperation is the integrated expert. On behalf of local employers, specialised European workers are recruited and placed in positions that partner organisations cannot fill with workers from their own countries. Integrated experts form a part of their partner organisations, just as local employees would do, were they available (e.g. Head of Department in an organisation directing the staff in this department). The expert is a regular employee with a local work contract and receives a local salary from the partner organisation. In addition, he or she receives a topping-up paid by German development cooperation.

German Financial Cooperation

German Financial Cooperation is managed by KfW Entwicklungsbank. KfW is the development bank of the German government. It is responsible for financial cooperation and financial investments as well as for accompanying consulting services in developing countries on behalf of BMZ. KfW does not carry out programmes itself; the responsibility for the implementation of the programmes always rests with institutions in partner countries. KfW accompanies its partner countries throughout the entire duration of the programmes. In the decentralisation process in Tanzania, KfW particularly focusses on the topic of fiscal decentralisation and supports the LGDG transfer system.